Oil sump lubrication is commonly used in gearboxes. When considering consistent speeds, oil immersion is usually set to low level in order to reduce associated power losses. This configuration is already used in some parts of helicopter mechanical transmissions, and it is under consideration as a lubrication solution for future electric powertrain where gearbox input speeds may be very high. The gear drag power losses are generally evaluated from either a churning power loss model for classic oil sump lubrication or a windage power loss model for oil jet lubrication. One may thus wonder how to estimate drag losses when considering a gear that only a small part is immersed. In this study, the authors investigate the transition between churning and windage phenomena for a spur gear. A series of torque measurements on a single spur gear rotating in an oil bath at numerous oil immersion levels have been carried out. Based on these results, a criterion to indicate which power loss model to use is proposed.