Efficiently employing two-phase flows for cooling objectives requires comprehensive knowledge of their behavior in different conditions. Models, capable of predicting heat transfer and fluid flow trends in this area, are of great value. Numerical/analytical models in the literature are one-dimensional models involving with many simplifying assumptions. These assumptions in most cases include neglecting some mechanisms of mass transfer in two-phase flows. This study is devoted to developing an analytical two-dimensional model for simulation of fluid flow and mass transfer in two-phase flows considering the all mass transfer mechanisms (entrainment, evaporation, deposition and condensation). The correlation employed for modeling entrainment in this study, is a semiempirical correlation derived based on physical concept of entrainment phenomenon. Emphasis is put on the annular flow pattern of liquid vapor two-phase flow since this regime is the last encountered two-phase regime and has a higher heat transfer coefficient among other two-phase flow patterns. Attempts are made to employ the least possible simplification assumptions and empirical correlations in the modeling procedure. The model is then verified with experimental models of Shanawany et al., Stevanovic et al. and analytical model of Qu and Mudawar. It will be shown, considering pressure variations in both radial and axial directions along with applying our semiempirical entrainment correlation has improved the present analytical model accuracy in comparison with the accuracy of available analytical models.
Analytical Simulation of Annular Two-Phase Flow Considering the Four Involved Mass Transfers
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Baniamerian, Z., Mehdipour, R., and Aghanajafi, C. (July 27, 2012). "Analytical Simulation of Annular Two-Phase Flow Considering the Four Involved Mass Transfers." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. August 2012; 134(8): 081301. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005949
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