Laser-Doppler velocimeter measurements of mean velocities, turbulence intensities, and Reynolds stresses are presented for periodic fully developed flows in a channel with square rib-disturbed walls on two opposite sides. Quantities such as the vorticity thickness and turbulent kinetic energy are used to characterize the flow. The investigated flow was periodic in space. The Reynolds number based on the channel hydraulic diameter was 3.3×104. The ratios of pitch to rib-height and rib-height to chamber-height were 10 and 0.133, respectively. Regions where maximum and minimum Reynolds stress and turbulent kinetic energy occurred were identified from the results. The growth rate of the shear layers of the present study was compared with that of a backward-facing step. The measured turbulence anisotropy and structure parameter distribution were used to examine the basic assumptions embedded in the k–ε and k–ε–A models. For a given axial station, the peak axial mean-velocity was found not to occur at the center point. The secondary flow was determined to be Prandtl’s secondary flow of the second kind according to the measured streamwise mean vorticity and its production term.
LDV Measurements of Periodic Fully Developed Main and Secondary Flows in a Channel With Rib-Disturbed Walls
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Liou, T., Wu, Y., and Chang, Y. (March 1, 1993). "LDV Measurements of Periodic Fully Developed Main and Secondary Flows in a Channel With Rib-Disturbed Walls." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. March 1993; 115(1): 109–114. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2910091
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