Modeling of Elastic, Thermal, and Strength/Failure Analysis of Two-Dimensional Woven Composites—A Review

[+] Author and Article Information
Levent Onal1

Department of Textile Engineering, Auburn University, 115 Textile Building, Auburn, AL 36849

Sabit Adanur2

Department of Textile Engineering, Auburn University, 115 Textile Building, Auburn, AL 36849


Current Address: Department of Textile Engineering, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey.


To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Appl. Mech. Rev 60(1), 37-49 (Jan 01, 2007) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2375143 History:

The usage of textile structures as a reinforcement for polymer composites became essential in many industrial applications in, for example, the marine and aerospace industries because of their favorable stiffness and strength to weight ratio. Determination of elastic properties and failure behavior of textile reinforced composites is vital for industrial design and engineering applications. This paper aims to present a review of numerical and analytical models for elastic, thermal, and strength/failure analysis of 2D reinforced woven composites. Major modeling techniques and approaches are presented. A state of the art review of woven fabric composites is presented starting from earlier one-dimensional models to recent three-dimensional models. The intention is not to give a detailed analysis of the mathematical approaches to the models discussed, but rather to inform researchers about the main ideas of previous works. This review article cites 122 references.

Copyright © 2007 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 6

Unit cell of a 2∕2 twill fabric where it was divided into three subsections along the Y axis (52)

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Figure 1

X diagrams of some basic weaves

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Figure 2

The schematic of the mosaic model for an eight-harness satin (26)

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Figure 3

Schematic of the fiber undulation model (26)

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Figure 7

Representative volume element of the plain weave composite with six subregions (65)

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Figure 4

Schematic of the bridging model (37)

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Figure 5

The unit cell of plain weave lamina where the points of subdivision are along the X and Y axes (42)

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Figure 8

(a) Global/local analysis of a sheet involving two distinct finite element meshes. (b) Locally refined global model (67).

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Figure 9

Finite element meshes for a unit cell of plain weave composite (71)

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Figure 10

One-quarter elementary mesh of finite element simulation for the unit cell of woven fabric (76)

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Figure 11

3D FEA mesh for a plain weave unit cell (removing the matrix from the model) (78)

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Figure 12

Micro-model developed by Tabiei and Jiang (80)

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Figure 13

Voxel mesh refinement: (a) uniform refinement, (b) selective refinement, and (c) constrained selective refinement (92)

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Figure 14

Micro-level homogenization for hexahedral brick elements in which stiffness averaging method was employed [101]

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Figure 15

Lamina stacking configurations, iso-phase laminate, and random-phase laminate composites (119)



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