Instability of Gradient Dependent Viscoplastic Model for Clay Saturated With Water and FEM Analysis

[+] Author and Article Information
Fusao Oka, Atsushi Yashima

Department of Civil Engng., Gifu University, Yanagido 1-1, Gifu 501-11, Japan

Toshihisa Adachi

School of Transportation Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606, Japan

E. C. Aifantis

Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan and Aristotle University

Appl. Mech. Rev 45(3S), S140-S148 (Mar 01, 1992) doi:10.1115/1.3121384 History: Online April 30, 2009


For the last two decade, several constitutive models have been proposed for geomaterials and applied to practical problems. There remains, however, still some outstanding issues to be resolved. One of them is the formation of shear band before and after failure. This problem is strongly connected to the strain localization phenomenon. Recently, the importance of simulation of post localization regime has been pointed out. For this problem an interesting approach has been proposed by Aifantis and co-workers based on the introduction of higher order strain gradients into constitutive equation. The purpose of this paper is to propose a strain gradient dependent elasto-viscoplastic model for clay and study the instability condition of the constitutive theory. The model is then implemented into FEM code to simulate the clay behavior under plane strain condition by considering the transport of pore water based on Biot’s theory of solid-fluid mixture.

Copyright © 1992 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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