Advance in Ice Mechanics in Finland

[+] Author and Article Information
Mauri Määttänen

University of Oulu, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Linnanmaa, SF-90570 Oulu, Finland

Appl. Mech. Rev 40(9), 1200-1207 (Sep 01, 1987) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3149551 History: Online June 03, 2009


In Finland, 110 years of winter navigation has been a natural initiator of ice mechanics research. It has brought with it sea ice monitoring and statistics, ice forecasting, the testing of mechanical properties, ship and icebreaker model testing and full-scale trials, ice resistant aids-to-navigation, and theoretical modelling and numerical simulations. Lately, a lot of ice mechanics research has been devoted to arctic offshore applications. A summary of the major developments is given in this paper.

Copyright © 1987 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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