Nitinol has the best shape memory and superelasticity properties of all known polycrystalline shape memory alloys (SMAs) due to diffusionless Martensitic transformation. Due to these unique properties, Nitinol is increasingly used in different fields such as biomedical, structural and aerospace engineering. However, under certain stresses Nitinol exhibits unrecovered strain, or permanent set, that limits the applicability of Nitinol wire. This study showed that there exists a critical range of stress beyond which the permanent set is negligible. The goal of this paper is to determine range of critical stress using two different methods i.e. constant stress experiment and isothermal tensile test and to show variation of this range with changes in wire diameters.

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