In this study, we present an innovative methodology (Figure 1) to calculate patient specific tibio-femoral (TF) contact forces by integrating medical image data, 3D skin-mounted marker trajectories, ground reaction forces, electromyography (EMG) data and finite element analysis (FEA). The muscle redundancy problem is solved through an EMG-constrained optimization approach. Calculated muscle forces are input to a FEA to calculate TF contact forces. Kinematics of the degrees of freedom (DOFs) of the knee that cannot be accurately assessed from the trajectories of skin-mounted markers, are estimated using a novel iterative procedure which combines muscle force calculation with dynamic FEA. The presented methodology is applied to analyze TF contact forces of a walking trial performed on an instrumented treadmill of which the speed was sequentially ramped up and down. The results presented in this abstract will be validated against the in-vivo measured TF contact forces.
- Bioengineering Division
Tibio-Femoral Contact Force During Gait: An Iterative Method Using EMG-Constrained Multi-Body Simulation and Finite Element Analysis
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Pianigiani, S, De Groote, F, Scheys, L, Gillen, P, Labey, L, Innocenti, B, & Jonkers, I. "Tibio-Femoral Contact Force During Gait: An Iterative Method Using EMG-Constrained Multi-Body Simulation and Finite Element Analysis." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Volume 1B: Extremity; Fluid Mechanics; Gait; Growth, Remodeling, and Repair; Heart Valves; Injury Biomechanics; Mechanotransduction and Sub-Cellular Biophysics; MultiScale Biotransport; Muscle, Tendon and Ligament; Musculoskeletal Devices; Multiscale Mechanics; Thermal Medicine; Ocular Biomechanics; Pediatric Hemodynamics; Pericellular Phenomena; Tissue Mechanics; Biotransport Design and Devices; Spine; Stent Device Hemodynamics; Vascular Solid Mechanics; Student Paper and Design Competitions. Sunriver, Oregon, USA. June 26–29, 2013. V01BT27A003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2013-14494
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