Bone marrow is an important niche for mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), which are progenitors for connective tissue cells. MSCs respond to mechanical stimuli (1). For example, steady and oscillatory fluid flow both affect MSC differentiation to the osteogenic lineages (2), while hydrostatic pressure increases MSC osteogenic protein expression (3). Both pressure and fluid flow are induced in bone marrow during loading due to the poroelastic nature of trabecular bone, and these may affect the differentiation or proliferation of the resident stromal cells.
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Pressure Gradients in the Trabecular Pore Space of Femurs During Physiologic Loading
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Metzger, TA, Schwaner, SA, & Niebur, GL. "Pressure Gradients in the Trabecular Pore Space of Femurs During Physiologic Loading." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments. Sunriver, Oregon, USA. June 26–29, 2013. V01AT09A017. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2013-14433
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