Vibration exposure has been known to have both negative and positive effects on human dynamics in a variety of clinical and occupational applications. Whole body vibration is known to be associated with low back pain and low back disorders [1]. It has been shown that whole body vibration and vibration of the lumbar musculature can result in loss of proprioceptive accuracy and delays in muscular response to sudden loading [24]. Conversely, vibration of the musculature has also been proposed as a means to improve the effects of training and exercise on strength and endurance [5–7]. Vibration has a number of known effects on proprioception in particular. These include kinesthetic illusions during vibration exposure [8] and altered proprioception post-vibration exposure [3, 9]. Understanding the neural pathways that contribute to these effects is important in better understanding the clinical and occupational implications of vibration exposure. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to examine brain activity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a dynamic, proprioceptive task, both during and after vibration exposure in order to observe changes in activation that might contribute to these effects.

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