Remodeling of the arterial wall, in response to e.g. induced hypertension, vasoconstriction, and reduced cyclic stretch, has been studied in detail to get insight into vascular pathologies [1]. Constitutive models are helpful to the understanding of the relation between different processes that occur in the arterial wall during remodeling. Including the smooth muscle cell (SMC) behavior in constitutive models is relevant, as those cells may change tone when subjected to an altered mechanical loading and can initiate arterial remodeling.

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