Cancer remains one of the most deadly diseases today. Laser-induced photothermal therapy can provide a minimally invasive treatment alternative to surgical resection. The selectivity and effectiveness of laser therapy can be greatly enhanced when photoabsorbing nanoparticles such as nanoshells, single walled carbon nanotubes, multi-walled carbon nanotubes, or single wall carbon nanohorns (SWNHs) are introduced into the tissue. Prior studies have effectively used SWNHs combined with near infrared (NIR) laser light to target and destroy microbes [1]. We have previously reported increased tumor cell destruction when SWNHs were used in combination with laser therapy. The present work provides more extensive characterization of cell viability in response to laser therapy alone or in combination with SWNHs. Furthermore, the spatiotemporal temperature and cell viability in vitro in response to combinatorial SWNH-mediated laser therapies is determined using infrared thermometry and a novel viability algorithm, respectively. These new measurements will be critical for planning SWNH-mediated laser treatments where knowledge of the geometric distribution of temperature and cell death are critical to achieving the goal of selectively eliminating a tumor with specific spatial margins with minimal damage to surrounding healthy tissue.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.