The primary goal of the oil and gas well cementing is zonal isolation. During the production life of a well, the cement experiences various severe conditions affecting its permeability. These conditions include cracking, debonding, and shear failure which can be worsened by pressure fluctuations during hydraulic fracturing operations. Any of these conditions by forming micro-cracks within the cement or micro-annuli at the casing/cement or cement/rock interfaces create cement permeabilities far beyond the intrinsic permeability of the intact cement sheath. Recently, some studies have been devoted to improving the overall mechanical behavior of the cement by adding carbon nanotubes and carbon nano-fibers. Although these nano-additives offer considerably high strength and modulus, the high costs of these materials persuade us to find alternatives at relatively low costs, such as, graphite nanoplatelets (GNPs). Our preliminary laboratory studies show the effectiveness of GNPs in the enhancement of durability characteristics of the prepared nanocomposite cement paste by improving its compressive strength, ductility and toughness resistance. Considering the importance of dispersion of nanoadditives within the cementitious matrix, we physically or chemically manipulate the surface properties of GNPs to prevent the agglomeration of nanoparticles.