In this paper an effort is made towards improving the performance of MRAFF process by providing a rotating magnetic field externally to the polishing medium by using permanent magnets in addition to the reciprocating motion provided to the polishing medium by a hydraulic unit. This finishing process creates a smooth mirror like finished surface with a few directional cutting marks (i.e. hatch pattern like honing) on the finished surface of stainless steel, brass, and EN-8 workpieces. Preliminary experimental study is conducted on MRAFF and rotational (R)-MRAFF processes to compare their process performance in terms of change in Ra (ΔRa) and change in material removal (ΔMR). Later complete experimental study of R-MRAFF process is carried out using central composite rotatable design (CCRD) and the responses are plotted using response surface methodology (RSM). Optimum finishing conditions are identified by optimization method developed by Derringer and Suich using Design-Expert® software. The present study shows that rotational speed of the magnet has significant effect on output response (%ΔRa). The finished surfaces are characterized in detail by atomic force micrographs (AFM), and scanning electron micrographs (SEM) to analyze the changes in surface generation at different RPM.

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