Panicum Miliaceum (common millet) is an ancient crop and spread widely across the world. The high survivability and adaptability of this species is attributed to the unique structure of the seedcoat. Recently, it was found the seedcoat has a fascinating complex microstructure with star-shaped epidermis cells, articulated together via wavy suture interfaces, to form a compact jigsaw puzzle-like layer. To explore the damage initiation and evolution during quasi-static uniaxial compression, finite element simulations were performed for full seeds, and single seedcoat and kernels. A parametric study was conducted for the seedcoat and kernel to explore the relationship between material properties and damage. The material properties of the seedcoat and kernel were obtained by nanoindentation testing. A Hashin progressive damage material model was used to capture damage evolution of the seedcoat, combined with a damage plasticity model for the kernel. The simulation results show the capabilities in modeling the damage of seeds.

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