Inertial and magnetic sensors are commonly used to determine orientation as they do not rely on a line of sight [1, 2]. There are many different techniques to fuse inertial measurement unit (IMU) data and obtain useful rotational data [1–3]. This study uses two separate data fusion techniques; a direction cosine matrix-based (DCM) technique and a quaternion-based Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) technique [1–3]. These techniques were altered based on performance metrics to weight sensor data when certain sensors proved not as reliable as others [2]. IMU sensors were tested on a hand mannequin and filters were developed using MATLAB software. Simulation results displayed a root-mean-squared error of less than .06° for each rotation angle. Experimental results maintained errors of less than 8° in each rotation angle.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.