A simple mechanical model of the skateboard-skater system is analyzed, in which a linear PD controller with delay is included to mimic the effect of human control. The equations of motion of the non-holonomic system are derived with the help of the Gibbs-Appell method. The linear stability analysis of rectilinear motion is carried out analytically using the D-subdivision method. It is shown how the control gains have to be varied with respect to the speed of the skateboard in order to stabilize the uniform motion. The critical reflex delay of the skater is determined as a function of the speed and the fore-aft location of the skater on the board. Based on these, an explanation is given for the well-known instability of the skateboard-skater system at high speed.

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