Abstract

An enabling technology for a successful deployment of the sCO2 close-loop recompression Brayton cycle is the development of a compressor that can maintain high efficiency for a wide range of inlet conditions due to large variation in properties of CO2 operating near its dome. One solution is to develop an internal actuated variable Inlet Guide Vane (IGV) system that can maintain high efficiency in the main and re-compressor with varying inlet temperature. A compressor for this system has recently been manufactured and tested at various operating conditions to determine its compression efficiency. This compressor was developed with funding from the US DOE Apollo program and industry partners. This paper will focus on the design and testing of the main compressor operating near the CO2 dome. It will look at design challenges that went into some of the decisions for rotor and case construction and how that can affect the mechanical and aerodynamic performance of the compressor. This paper will also go into results from testing at the various operating conditions and how the change in density of CO2 affected rotordynamics and overall performance of the machine. Results will be compared to expected performance and how design changes were implanted to properly counter challenges during testing.

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