The feasibility of using cold flow measurements in a conical swirl-inducing burner to predict the fuel/air mixture probability density function (PDF) at the flame location in a staged premixed swirl-inducing burner is discussed in the present work. Particle Image Velocity (PIV) measurements are used to investigate the impact of the flame on the mean and coherent velocity field upstream of the premixed flame of a conical swirl-inducing burner. When the flame does not anchor inside the burner, a good agreement between the reacting and the cold-flow fields is ensured. The scalar mixing field, dominated by coherent concentration fluctuations, is thus marginally affected by the flame. In this case, a correction of the mixture PDF, recorded in a water test rig at the burner outlet with planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF), can be used to estimate the mixture PDF at the flame location. This correction is based on the exponential decay of the mixture variance associated with the flame-position information of the reacting flow. An experimental curve fitting and a chemical-reactor network model confirm that the resulting PDF approximates the real unmixedness at the flame better than the measured mixture PDF at the burner outlet. When the flame is anchored inside the burner, the correction approach does not apply anymore, due to the strong flow field changes. The methodology presented allows to quantitatively predict the mixture PDF at the flame location for different total powers, preheating temperatures, and equivalence ratios. The simple mixing model and reactor network model are able to satisfyingly capture the NOx emissions when the flame stabilizes completely downstream of the burner.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
A Quantitative Link Between Cold-Flow Scalar Unmixedness and NOx Emissions in a Conical Premixed Burner
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Lacarelle, A, Go¨ke, S, & Paschereit, CO. "A Quantitative Link Between Cold-Flow Scalar Unmixedness and NOx Emissions in a Conical Premixed Burner." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B. Glasgow, UK. June 14–18, 2010. pp. 919-931. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2010-23132
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