Abstract

In congested urban conditions, the fuel economy of a vehicle can be highly affected by traffic flow and particularly, the immediately preceding (lead) vehicle. Thus, estimating the future trajectories of the lead vehicle is essential to optimize the following vehicle’s maneuvers for its fuel economy. This paper investigates the influence of speed forecasting on the performance of an ecological adaptive cruise control (eco-ACC) strategy for connected autonomous vehicles. The real-time speed predictor proposed in [1] is applied to forecast the future speed profiles of the lead vehicle over a short prediction horizon. Under the assumption that vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications are available, V2V information from multiple lead vehicles is utilized in the prediction process. Eco-ACC is formulated in a model predictive control (MPC) framework to control the connected autonomous vehicle. The influence of the state prediction to the performance of eco-ACC in terms of fuel economy and acceleration is evaluated with different number of connected vehicles.

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