Control oriented model (COM) using crank-angle resolved flame propagation simulation and nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) methodology for the purpose of transient control of HDOF engines are proposed in this paper. The nonlinear nature of the combustion process has been a challenge in building a reliable COM and engine simulation. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are subsequently trained on the data generated with a quasi-D combustion model to create fast surrogate combustion models. System dynamics are augmented by manifold and actuator dynamics models. Then, NMPC for an internal combustion (IC) engine with a dual-independent variable valve timing (VVT) system is designed to achieve fast torque responses, to eliminate exhaust emissions penalty, and to track the optimal actuator response closely. The NMPC significantly improves engine dynamics and minimizes excursions of in-cylinder variables under highly transient operation. Dead-beat like control is achieved with selected prediction horizon and control horizon in the NMPC.

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