The irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a novel method to ablate abnormal cells by applying a high voltage between two electrodes that are stuck into abnormal tissues. One of the advantages of the IRE is that the extracellular matrix (ECM) may be kept intact, which is favorable for healing. For a successful IRE, it is therefore important to avoid thermal damage of ECM resulted from the Joule heating within the tissue. A three-dimensional (3-D) analysis was conducted in this study to predict temperature rise during the IRE. The equation of electric field and the heat conduction equation were solved numerically by a finite element method. It was clarified that the highest temperature rise occurred at the base of electrodes adjacent to the insulated surface. The result was significantly different from a two-dimensional (2-D) analysis due to end effects, suggesting that the 3-D analysis is required to determine the optimal condition.

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