This article summarizes published journal articles on planetary and epicyclic gear dynamics and vibration. Research in this field has increased dramatically over the past two decades. The wide range of research topics demonstrates the technical challenges of understanding and predicting planetary gear dynamics and vibration. The research in this review includes mathematical models, vibration mode properties, dynamic response predictions including nonlinearities and time-varying mesh stiffness fluctuations, the effects of elastic compliance, and gyroscopic effects, among other topics. Practical aspects are also included, for example, planet load sharing, planet phasing, tooth surface modifications, and characteristics of measured vibration response.