Collier, J. G., and Thome, J. R., 1994, "*Convective Boiling and Condensation*", Oxford University Press, New York.

Carey, V. P., 1992, "*Liquid Vapor Phase Change Phenomena*", Hemisphere, Washington D.C.

Hewitt, G. F., 1982, “Liquid-Gas Systems,” in "*Handbook of Multiphase Systems*", G.Hetsroni, ed., Hemisphere, Washington, D.C.

Hewitt, G. F., and Roberts, D. N., 1969, “Studies of Two-Phase Flow Patterns by Simultaneous X-Ray and Flash Photography,” Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, Report No. AERE-M 2159.

Baker, O., 1954, “Simultaneous Flow of Oil and Gas,” Oil Gas J., 53 , pp. 185–190.

Taitel, Y., and Dukler, A. E., 1976, “A Model for Predicting Flow Regime Transitions in Horizontal and Near Horizontal Gas-Liquid Flow,” AIChE J.

[CrossRef], 22 , pp. 47–55.

Hashizume, K., 1983, “Flow Pattern and Void Fraction of Refrigerant Two-Phase Flow in a Horizontal Pipe,” Bull. JSME, 26 , pp. 1597–1602.

Steiner, D., 1993, "*VDI-Wärmeatlas*", Verein Deutscher Ingenieure VDI-Gessellschaft Verfahrenstechnik und Chemieingenieurwessen (GCV), Düsseldorf, Chap. Hbb.

Kattan, N., Thome, J. R., and Favrat, D., 1998, “Flow Boiling in Horizontal Tubes—Part I: Development of a Diabatic Two-Phase Flow Pattern Map,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

[CrossRef], 120 , pp. 140–147.

Kattan, N., Thome, J. R., and Favrat, D., 1998, “Flow Boiling in Horizontal Tubes—Part II: New Heat Transfer Data for Five Refrigerants,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

[CrossRef], 120 , pp. 148–155.

Kattan, N., Thome, J. R., and Favrat, D., 1998, “Flow Boiling in Horizontal Tubes—Part III: Development of a New Heat Transfer Model Based on Flow Patterns,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

[CrossRef], 120 , pp. 156–165.

Zürcher, O., Thome, J. R., and Favrat, D., 1999, “Evaporation of Ammonia in a Smooth Horizontal Tube: Heat Transfer Measurements and Predictions,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

[CrossRef], 121 , pp. 89–101.

Zürcher, O., Favrat, D., and Thome, J. R., 2002, “Development of Diabatic Two-Phase Flow Pattern Map for Horizontal Flow Boiling,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 45 , pp. 291–301.

Thome, J. R., and El Hajal, J., 2002, “Two-Phase Flow Pattern Map for Evaporation in Horizontal Tubes: Latest Version,” "*1st International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics*", Kruger Park, South Africa, pp. 182–188.

El Hajal, J., Thome, J. R., and Cavallini, A., 2003, “Condensation in Horizontal Tubes, Part 1: Two-Phase Flow Pattern Map,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 46 , pp. 3349–3363.

Thome, J. R., El Hajal, J., and Cavallini, A., 2003, “Condensation in Horizontal Tubes, Part 2: New Heat Transfer Model Based on Flow Regimes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 46 , pp. 3365–3387.

Wojtan, L., Ursenbacher, T., and Thome, J. R., 2005, “Investigation of Flow Boiling in Horizontal Tubes, Part 1: A New Diabatic Two-Phase Flow Pattern Map,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 48 , pp. 2955–2969.

Wojtan, L., Ursenbacher, T., and Thome, J. R., 2005, “Investigation of Flow Boiling in Horizontal Tubes, Part 2—Development of a New Heat Transfer Model for Stratified-Wavy, Dryout and Mist Flow Regimes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 48 , pp. 2970–2985.

Cheng, L., Ribatski, G., Wojtan, L., and Thome, J. R., 2006, “New Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Model and Flow Pattern Map for Carbon Dioxide Evaporating Inside Horizontal Tubes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 49 , pp. 4082–4094.

Cheng, L., Ribatski, G., Wojtan, L., and Thome, J. R., 2007, “Erratum to: New Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Model and Flow Pattern Map for Carbon Dioxide Evaporating Inside Tubes [Heat Mass Transfer 49(21–22) (2006) 4082–4094],” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 50 , p. 391.

Cheng, L., Ribatski, G., Quibén Moreno, T., and Thome, J. R., 2008, “New Prediction Methods for CO2 Evaporation inside Tubes, Part 1—A Two-Phase Flow Pattern Map and a Flow Pattern Based Phenomenological Model for Two-Phase Flow Frictional Pressure Drops,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 51 , pp. 111–124.

Cheng, L., Ribatski, G., and Thome, J. R., 2008, “New Prediction Methods for CO2 Evaporation Inside Tubes, Part 2—An Updated General Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Model Based on Flow Patterns,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 51 , pp. 125–135.

Martinelli, R. C., and Nelson, D. B., 1948, “Prediction of Pressure Drop During Forced Circulation Boiling of Water,” Trans. ASME, 70 , pp. 695–702.

Lockhart, R. W., and Martinelli, R. C., 1949, “Proposed Correlation of Data for Isothermal Two-Phase Two-Component Flow in a Pipe,” Chem. Eng. Prog., 45 , pp. 39–48.

Chisholm, D., 1973, “Pressure Gradients Due to Friction During the Flow of Evaporating Two-Phase Mixtures in Smooth Tubes and Channels,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 16 , pp. 347–358.

Grönnerud, R., 1979, “Investigation of Liquid Hold-Up, Flow-Resistance and Heat Transfer in Circulation Type of Evaporators, Part IV: Two-Phase Flow Resistance in Boiling Refrigerants,” in "*Annexe 1972.1, Bull. De l’Inst. Du Froid*".

Müller-Steinhagen, H., and Heck, K., 1986, “A Simple Friction Pressure Correlation for Two-Phase Flow in Pipes,” Chem. Eng. Process.

[CrossRef], 20 , pp. 297–308.

Friedel, L., 1979, “Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow,” "*European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting*", Ispra, Italy, Paper No. E2.

Chen, J. C., 1966, “Correlation for Boiling Heat Transfer to Saturated Fluids in Convective Flow,” I&EC Process Des. Dev.

[CrossRef], 5 , pp. 322–339.

Shah, M. M., 1982, “Chart Correlation for Saturated Boiling Heat Transfer: Equations and Further Study,” ASHRAE Trans., 88 , pp. 185–196.

Gungor, K. E., and Winterton, R. H. S., 1986, “A General Correlation for Flow Boiling in Tubes and Annuli,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 29 , pp. 351–358.

Kandlikar, S. G., 1990, “A General Correlation for Saturated Two-Phase Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Inside Horizontal and Vertical Tubes,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

[CrossRef], 112 , pp. 219–228.

Moreno Quibén, J., and Thome, J. R., 2007, “Flow Pattern Based Two-Phase Frictional Pressure Drop Model for Horizontal Tubes, Part I: Diabatic and Adiabatic Experimental Study,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 28 , pp. 1049–1059.

Moreno Quibén, J., and Thome, J. R., 2007, “Flow Pattern Based Two-Phase Frictional Pressure Drop Model for Horizontal Tubes, Part II: New Phenomenological Model,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 28 , pp. 1060–1072.

Moreno Quibén, J., 2005, *Experimental and Analytical Study of Two-Phase Pressure Drops During Evaporation in Horizontal Tubes*, Ph.D. thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland.

Rouhani, S. Z., and Sohal, M. S., 1983, “Two-Phase Flow Patterns: A Review of Research Results,” Prog. Nucl. Energy, 11 (3), pp. 219–259.

Kandlikar, S. G., 2002, “Fundamental Issues Related to Flow Boiling in Minichannels and Microchannels,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci.

[CrossRef], 26 , pp. 389–407.

Cheng, L., Mewes, D., and Luke, A., 2007, “Boiling Phenomena With Surfactants and Polymeric Additives: A State-of-the-Art Review,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 50 , pp. 2744–2771.

Thome, J. R., 2004, “Boiling in Microchannels: A Review of Experiment and Theory,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow

[CrossRef], 25 , pp. 128–139.

Thome, J. R., 2006, “State-of-the Art Overview of Boiling and Two-Phase Flows in Microchannels,” Heat Transfer Eng.

[CrossRef], 27 (9), pp. 4–19.

Cheng, L., and Mewes, D., 2006, “Review of Two-Phase Flow and Flow Boiling of Mixtures in Small and Mini Channels,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 32 , pp. 183–207.

Kew, P. A., and Cornwell, K., 1997, “Correlations for the Prediction of Boiling Heat Transfer in Small-Diameter Channels,” Appl. Therm. Eng.

[CrossRef], 17 , pp. 705–715.

Thome, J. R., and Ribatski, G., 2006, “State-of-the Art of Two-Phase Flow and Flow Boiling and Pressure Drop of CO2 in Macro- and Micro-Channels,” Int. J. Refrig., 28 , pp. 1149–1168.

Shah, R. K., 1986, “Classification of Heat Exchangers,” "*Heat Exchangers: Thermal Hydraulic Fundamentals and Design*", S.Kakac, A.E.Bergles, and F.Mayinger, eds., Hemisphere, Washington, D.C., pp. 9–46.

Mehendale, S. S., Jacobi, A. M., and Ahah, R. K., 2000, “Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer at Micro- and Meso-Scales With Application to Heat Exchanger Design,” Appl. Mech. Rev., 53 , pp. 175–193.

Triplett, K. A., Ghiaasiaan, S. M., Abdel-Khalik, S. I., and Sadowski, D. L., 1999, “Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Microchannels. Part I: Two-Phase Flow Patterns,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 25 , pp. 377–394.

Brauner, N., and Moalem-Maron, D., 1992, “Identification of the Range of Small Diameter Conduits Regarding Two-Phase Flow Pattern Transitions,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 19 , pp. 29–39.

Palen, J. W., Breber, G., and Taborek, K., 1979, “Prediction of Flow Regimes in Horizontal Tube-Side-Condensation,” Heat Transfer Eng.

[CrossRef], 1 (2), pp. 47–57.

Troniewski, L., and Ulbrich, R., 1984, “The Analysis of Flow Regime Maps of Two-Phase Gas-Liquid Flow in Pipes,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 39 , pp. 1213–1224.

Chisholm, D., 1983, "*Two-Phase Flow in Pipelines and Heat Exchangers*", Longman, New York.

Yun, R., Kim, Y., and Kim, M. S., 2005, “Flow Boiling Heat Transfer of Carbon Dioxide in Horizontal Mini Tubes,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 26 , pp. 801–809.

Niño, V. G., 2002, “Characterization of Two-Phase Flow in Microchannels,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL.

Jassim, E. W., and Newell, T. A., 2006, “Prediction of Two-Phase Pressure Drop and Void Fraction in Microchannels Using Probabilistic Flow Regime Mapping,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 49 , pp. 2446–2457.

Jassim, E. W., 2006, “Probabilistic Flow Regime Map Modeling of Two-Phase Flow,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL.

Jassim, E. W., Newell, T. A., and Chato, J. C., 2007, “Probabilistic Determination of Two-Phase Flow Regimes in Horizontal Tubes Utilizing an Automated Image Recognition Techniques,” Exp. Fluids, 42 , pp. 563–573.

Ebner, L., Drahos, J., Ebner, G., and Cermak, J., 1987, “Characterization of Hydrodynamics Regimes in Horizontal Two-Phase Flow Part I: Pressure Drop Measurements,” Chem. Eng. Process., 22 , pp. 39–43.

Drahos, J., Cermak, J., Selucky, K., and Ebner, L., 1987, “Characterization of Hydrodynamics Regimes in Horizontal Two-Phase Flow Part II: Analysis of Wall Pressure Fluctuations,” Chem. Eng. Process., 22 , pp. 45–52.

Pazsit, I., 1986, “Two-Phase Flow Identification by Correlation Techniques,” Ann. Nucl. Energy, 13 (1), pp. 37–41.

Barnea, D., Shoham, O., and Taitel, Y., 1980, “Flow Pattern Characterization in Two-Phase Flow by Electrical Conductance Probe,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 6 , pp. 387–397.

Matsui, G., 1984, “Identification of Flow Regimes in Vertical Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Using Differential Pressure Fluctuations,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 6 , pp. 711–720.

Hervieu, E., Seleghim, P., 1998, “An Objective Indicator for Two-Phase Flow Pattern Transition,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 184 , pp. 421–435.

Hsieh, C. C., Wang, S. B., and Pan, C., 1997, “Dynamic Visualization of Two-Phase Flow Patterns in a Natural Circulation Loop,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 23 , pp. 1147–1170.

Geiger, A. B., Tsukada, A., Lehmann, E., Vontobel, P., Wokaun, A., and Scherer, G. G., 2002, “In Situ Investigation of Two-Phase Flow Patterns in Flow Fields of PEFC’s Using Neutron Radiography,” Fuel Cells

[CrossRef], 2 , pp. 92–98.

Tutu, N. K., 1982, “Pressure Fluctuations and Flow Pattern Recognition in Vertical Two Phase Gas-Liquid Flows,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 8 , pp. 443–447.

Thomson, O., and Pazsit, I., 1995, “The Crossed Beam Correlation Technique for Two-Phase Flow Measurements,” Prog. Nucl. Energy

[CrossRef], 29 , pp. 337–346.

Weisman, J., and Kang, S. Y., 1981, “Flow Pattern Transitions in Vertical and Upwardly Inclined Lines,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 7 , pp. 271–291.

Stanislav, J. F., Kokal, S., and Nicholson, M. K., 1986, “Intermittent Gas-Liquid Flow in Upward Inclined Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 12 , pp. 325–335.

Rozenblit, R., Gurevich, M., Lengel, Y., and Hetsroni, G., 2006, “Flow Patterns and Heat Transfer in Vertical Upward Air-Water Flow With Surfactant,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 32 , pp. 889–901.

Furukawa, T., and Fukano, T., 2001, “Effect of Liquid Viscosity on Flow Patterns in Vertical Upward Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 27 , pp. 1109–1126.

Zapke, A., and Kröger, D. G., 2000, “Countercurrent Gas-Liquid Flow in Inclined and Vertical Ducts—I: Flow Patterns, Pressure Drop Characteristics and Flooding,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 26 , pp. 1439–1455.

Hasan, A. R., and Kabir, C. S., 1992, “Two-Phase Flow in Vertical and Inclined Annuli,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 18 , pp. 279–293.

Govier, G. W., and Short Leigh, W., 1958, “The Upward Vertical Flow of Air-Water Mixtures,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 36 , pp. 195–202.

Crawford, T. J., Weinberger, C. B., and Weisman, J., 1985, “Two-Phase Flow Patterns and Void Fractions in Downward Flow. Part I: Steady-State Flow Patterns,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 11 , pp. 761–782.

Crawford, T. J., Weinberger, C. B., and Weisman, J., 1986, “Two-Phase Flow Patterns and Void Fractions in Downward Flow. Part II: Void Fractions and Transient Flow Patterns,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 12 , pp. 219–236.

Weisman, J., Duncan, D., Gibson, J., and Grawford, T., 1979, “Effect of Fluid Properties and Pipe Diameter on Two-Phase Flow Patterns in Horizontal Lines,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 5 , pp. 437–462.

Govier, G. W., and Omer, M. M., 1962, “The Pipeline Flow of Air-Water Mixtures,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 51 , pp. 93–104.

Hand, N. P., and Spedding, P. L., 1993, “Horizontal Gas-Liquid Flow at Close to Atmospheric Conditions,” Chem. Eng. Sci.

[CrossRef], 48 , pp. 2283–2305.

Lin, P. Y., and Hanratty, T. J., 1987, “Effect of Pipe Diameter on Flow Patterns for Air-Water Flow in Horizontal Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 13 , pp. 549–563.

Mukherjee, H., and Brill, J. P., 1985, “Empirical Equations to Predict Flow Patterns in Two-Phase Inclined Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 11 , pp. 299–315.

Hashizume, K., 1983, “Flow Pattern, Void Fraction and Pressure Drop of Refrigerant Two-Phase Flow in a Horizontal Pipe I. Experimental Data,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 9 , pp. 399–410.

Filippov, Yu. P., 1999, “Characteristics of Horizontal Two-Phase Helium Flows Part I: Flow Patterns and Void Fraction,” Cryogenics, 39 , pp. 59–68.

Alexeyev, A. I., Filippov, Yu. P., and Madedov, I. S., 1991, “Flow Patterns of Two-Phase Helium in Horizontal Channels,” Cryogenics, 31 , pp. 330–337.

Barnea, D., Shoham, O., and Taitel, Y., 1980, “Flow Pattern Transition for Gas-Liquid Flow in Horizontal and Inclined Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 6 , pp. 217–225.

Wolk, G., Dreyer, M., and Rath, H. J., 2000, “Flow Patterns in Small Diameter Vertical Non-Circular Channels,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 26 , pp. 1037–1061.

Ghajar, A. J., 2004, “Two-Phase Heat Transfer in Gas-Liquid Non-Boiling Pipe Flows,” "*Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics (HEFAT 2004)*", Cape Town, South Africa.

Woldesemayat, M. A., and Ghajar, A. J., 2007, “Comparison of Void Fraction Correlations for Different Flow Patterns in Horizontal and Upward Inclined Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 33 , pp. 347–370.

Ghiaasiaan, S. M., and Abdel-Khalik, S. I., 2001, “Two-Phase Flow in Microchannels,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 34 , pp. 145–254.

Suo, M., and Griffith, P., 1964, “Two-Phase Flow in Capillary Tubes,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 86 , pp. 576–582.

Revellin, R., Dupont, V., Ursenbacher, T., Thome, J. R., and Zun, I., 2006, “Characterization of Diabatic Two-Phase Flows in Microchannels: Flow Parameter Results for R-134a in a 0.5mm Channel,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 32 , pp. 755–774.

Revellin, R., and Thome, J. R., 2006, “Experimental Two-Phase Fluid Flow in Microchannels,” "*4th Japanese-European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting*", Kanbaikan, Kyoto, Sept. 24–28.

Revellin, R., and Thome, J. R., 2007, “Experimental Investigation of R-134a and R-245fa Two-Phase Flow in Microchannels for Different Flow Conditions,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 28 , pp. 63–71.

Revellin, R., and Thome, J. R., 2007, “New Type of Diabatic Flow Pattern Map for Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannels,” J. Micromech. Microeng., 17 , pp. 788–796.

Cubaud, T., and Ho, C.-M., 2004, “Transport of Bubbles in Square Microchannels,” Phys. Fluids

[CrossRef], 16 , pp. 4575–4585.

Coleman, J. W., and Garimella, S., 1999, “Characterization of Two-Phase Flow Patterns in Small Diameter Round and Rectangular Tubes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 42 , pp. 2869–2881.

Chen, T., and Garimella, S. V., 2006, “Measurements and High-Speed Visualizations of Flow Boiling of a Dielectric Fluids in a Silicon Microchannel Heat Sink,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 32 , pp. 957–971.

Zhao, T. S., and Bi, Q. C., 2001, “Co-Current Air-Water Two-Phase Flow Patterns in Vertical Triangular Microchannels,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 27 , pp. 765–782.

Yun, R., and Kim, Y., 2004, “Flow Regimes for Horizontal Two-Phase Flow of CO2 in a Heated Narrow Rectangular Channel,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 30 , pp. 1259–1270.

Pettersen, J., 2004, “Flow Vaporization of CO2 in Microchannel Tubes,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci.

[CrossRef], 28 , pp. 111–121.

Lowry, B., and Kawaji, M., 1988, “Adiabatic Vertical Two-Phase Flow in Narrow Flow Channels,” Int. J. Heat Exchangers, **84 **(263), pp. 133–139.

Damianides, C. A., and Westwater, J. W., 1988, “Two-Phase Flow Patterns in a Compact Heat Exchanger and in Small Tubes,” "*Proceedings of the 2nd U.K. National Conference on Heat Transfer*", Vol. 2 , pp. 1257–1268.

Yang, C. Y., and Shieh, C. C., 2001, “Flow Pattern of Air-Water and Two-Phase R-134a in Small Circular Tubes,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 27 , pp. 1163–1177.

Huh, C., and Kim, M. H., 2006, “An Experimental Investigation of Flow Boiling in an Asymmetrically Heated Rectangular Microchannel,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 30 , pp. 775–784.

Hardt, S., Schilder, B., Tiemann, D., Kolb, G., Hessel, V., and Stephan, P., 2007, “Analysis of Flow Patterns Emerging During Evaporation in Parallel Microchannels,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 50 , pp. 226–239.

Owhaib, W., Palm, B., and Martin-Callizo, C., 2006, “Flow Boiling Visualization in a Vertical Circular Minichannel at High Vapor Quality,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 30 , pp. 755–763.

Sobierska, E., Kulenovic, R., Mertz, R., and Groll, M., 2007, “Experimental Results of Flow Boiling of Water in a Vertical Microchannels,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 31 , pp. 111–119.

Yen, T. H., Shoji, M., Takemura, F., Suzuki, Y., and Kasage, N., 2006, “Visualization of Convective Boiling Heat Transfer in Single Microchannels With Different Shaped Cross-Sections,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 49 , pp. 3884–3894.

Ekberg, N. P., Ghiaasiaan, S. M., Abdel-Khalik, S. I., Yoda, M., and Jeter, S. M., 1999, “Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Narrow Horizontal Annuli,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 192 , pp. 59–80.

Fukano, T., Kariyasaki, A., and Kagawa, M., 1989, “Flow Patterns and Pressure Drop in Isothermal Gas-Liquid Concurrent Flow in a Horizontal Capillary Tube,” "*ANS Proceedings of the National Heat Transfer Conference*", IL, Vol. 4 , pp. 153–161.

Serizawa, A., Feng, Z., and Kawara, Z., 2002, “Two-Phase Flow in Microchannels,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci.

[CrossRef], 26 , pp. 703–714.

Ide, H., Kariyasaki, A., and Fukano, T., 2007, “Fundamental Data on the Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Microchannels,” Int. J. Therm. Sci.46 , pp. 519–530.

Satitchaicharoen, P., and Wongwises, S., 2004, “Two-Phase Flow Pattern Maps for Vertical Upward Gas-Liquid Flow in Mini-Gap Channels,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 30 , pp. 225–236.

Li, J., and Peterson, G. P., 2005, “Boiling Nucleation and Two-Phase Flow Patterns in Forced Liquid Flow in Microchannels,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 48 , pp. 4797–4810.

Barajas, A. M., and Panton, R. L., 1993, “The Effects of Contact Angle on Two-Phase Flow in Capillary Tubes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 19 , pp. 337–346.

Hetsroni, G., Mosyak, A., Segal, Z., and Pogrebnyak, E., 2003, “Two-Phase Flow Patterns in Parallel Micro-Channels,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 29 , pp. 341–360.

Kawahara, A., Chung, P. M.-Y., and Kawaji, M., 2002, “Investigation of Two-Phase Flow Pattern, Void Fraction and Pressure Drop in Microchannel,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 28 , pp. 1411–1435.

Chung, P. M.-Y., and Kawaji, M., 2004, “The Effect of Channel Diameter on Adiabatic Two-Phase Flow Characteristics in Microchannels,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 30 , pp. 735–761.

Nakoryakov, V. E., Kuznetsov, V. V., and Vitovsky, O. V., 1992, “Experimental Investigation of Upward Gas-Liquid Flow in a Vertical Narrow Annulus,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 18 , pp. 313–326.

Fukano, T., and Kariyasaki, A., 1993, “Characteristics of Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in a Capillary Tube,” Nucl. Eng. Des.

[CrossRef], 141 , pp. 59–68.

Wambsganss, M. W., Jendrzejczyk, J. A., and France, D. M., 1991, “Two-Phase Flow Patterns and Transitions in a Small, Horizontal, Rectangular Channel,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 17 , pp. 327–342.

Tabatabai, A., and Faghri, A., 2001, “A New Two-Phase Flow Map and Transition Boundary Accounting for Surface Tension Effects in Horizontal Miniature and Micro Tubes,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

[CrossRef], 123 , pp. 958–968.

Ullmann, A., and Brauner, N., 2006, “The Prediction of Flow Pattern Maps in Mini Channels,” "*4th Japanese-European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting*", Kanbaikan, Kyoto, Sept. 24–28.

Ullmann, A., and Brauner, N., 2007, “The Prediction of Flow Pattern Maps in Microchannels,” Multiphase Sci. Technol., 19 (1), pp. 49–73.

Revellin, R., and Thome, J. R., 2008, “A Theoretical Model for the Prediction of the Critical Heat Flux in Heated Microchannels,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 51 , pp. 1216–1225.

Ribatski, G., and Thome, J. R., 2007, “Two-Phase Flow and Heat Transfer Across Horizontal Bundles—A Review,” Heat Transfer Eng., 28 (6), pp. 508–524.

Ribatski, G., and Thome, J. R., 2004, “Dynamics of Two-Phase Flow Across Horizontal Tube Bundles—A Review,” "*Proceedings of the 10th Brazilian Congress of Thermal Sciences and Engineering—ENCIT 2004*", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Nov. 20–Dec. 3.

Casciaro, S., and Thome, J. R., 2001, “Thermal Performance of Flooded Evaporators, Part 1: Review of Boiling Heat Transfer Studies,” ASHRAE Trans., 107 , pp. 903–918.

Casciaro, S., and Thome, J. R., 2001, “Thermal Performance of Flooded Evaporators, Part 2: Review of Void Fraction, Two-Phase Pressure Drop, and Flow Pattern Studies,” ASHRAE Trans., 107 , pp. 919–930.

Venkateswararao, P., Semiat, R., and Dukler, A. E., 1982, “Flow Pattern Transition for Gas-Liquid Flow in a Vertical Rod Bundle,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 8 , pp. 509–524.

Aprin, L., Mercier, P., and Tadrist, L., 2007, “Experimental Analysis of Local Void Fractions Measurements for Boiling Hydrocarbons in Complex Geometry,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 33 , pp. 371–393.

Narrow, T. L., Ghiaasiaan, S. M., Abdel-Khalik, S. I., and Sadowski, D. L., 2000, “Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Patterns and Pressure Drop in a Horizontal Micro-Rod Bundle,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 26 , pp. 1281–1294.

Ulbrich, R., and Mewes, D., 1994, “Vertical, Upward Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Across a Tube Bundle,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 20 , pp. 249–272.

Noghrehkar, G. R., Kawaji, M., and Chan, A. M. V., 1999, “Investigation of Two-Phase Flow Regimes in Tube Bundles Under Cross-Flow Condition,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 25 , pp. 857–874.

Xu, G. P., Tso, C. P., and Tou, K. W., 1998, “Hydrodynamics of Two-Phase Flow in Vertical Up- and Down-Flow Across a Horizontal Tube Bundle,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 24 , pp. 1317–1342.

Grant, I. D. R., and Chisholm, D., 1979, “Two-Phase Flow on the Shell-Side of a Segmentally Baffled Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 101 , pp. 38–42.

Liebenberg, L., Thome, J. R., and Meyer, J. P., 2005, “Flow Visualization and Flow Pattern Identification With Power Spectral Density Distributions of Pressure Traces During Refrigerant Condensation in Smooth and Micro-Fin Tubes,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

[CrossRef], 127 , pp. 209–220.

Liebenberg, L., and Meyer, J. P., 2006, “The Characterization of Flow Regimes With Power Spectral Density Distributions of Pressure Fluctuations During Condensation in Smooth and Micro-Fin Tubes,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 31 , pp. 127–140.

Olivier, J. A., Liebenberg, L., Thome, J. R., and Meyer, J. P., 2007, “Heat Transfer, Pressure Drop, and Flow Pattern Recognition During Condensation inside Smooth, Helical Micro-Fin, and Herringbone Tubes,” Int. J. Refrig., 30 , pp. 609–623.

Louahlia-Gualous, H., and Mecheri, B., 2007, “Unsteady Steam Condensation Flow Patterns Inside a Miniature Tube,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 27 , pp. 1225–1235.

Mederic, B., Miscevic, M., Platel, V., Lavieille, P., and Joly, J.-L., 2004, “Experimental Study of Flow Characteristics During Condensation in Narrow Channels: The Influence of the Diameter Channel on Structure Patterns,” Superlattices Microstruct., 35 , pp. 573–586.

Mederic, B., Lavieille, P., and Miscevic, M., 2006, “Heat Transfer Analysis According to Condensation Flow Structures in a Minichannel,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 30 , pp. 785–793.

Chen, Q., Amano, R. S., and Xin, M., 2006, “Experimental Study of Flow Patterns and Regimes of Condensation in Horizontal Three-Dimensional Micro-Fin-Tubes,” IEEE Commun. Mag., 43 , pp. 201–206.

Chen, Y., and Cheng, P., 2005, “Condensation of Steam in Silicon Microchannels,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 32 , pp. 175–183.

Coleman, J. W., and Garimella, S., 2003, “Two-Phase Flow Regimes in Round, Square and Rectangular Tubes During Condensation of Refrigerant R134a,” Int. J. Refrig.

[CrossRef], 26 , pp. 117–128.

Cheng, L., and Yang, J., 1998, “A New Treated Surface for Achieving Dropwise Condensation,” J. Enhanced Heat Transfer, 5 (1), pp. 1–8.

Cheng, L., and van der Geld, C. W. M., 2005, “Experimental Study of Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Characteristics of Air/Water and Air-Steam/Water Heat Exchange in a Polymer Compact Heat Exchanger,” Heat Transfer Eng., 26 (2), pp. 18–27.

Cheng, L., van der Geld, C. W. M., and Lexmond, A. S., 2004, “Study and Visualization of Droplet Entrainment From a Polymer Compact Heat Exchanger,” Int. J. Heat Exchangers, 5 , pp. 359–378.

Zhao, L., and Rezkallah, K. S., 1993, “Gas-Liquid Flow Patterns at Microgravity Conditions,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 19 , pp. 751–763.

Rezkallah, K. S., 1990, “A Comparison of Existing Flow-Pattern Predictions During Forced-Convective Two-Phase Flow Under Microgravity Conditions,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 16 , pp. 243–259.

Colin, C., Fabre, J., and Dukler, A. E., 1991, “Gas-Liquid Flow at Microgravity Conditions—I: Dispersed Bubble and Slug Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 17 , pp. 533–544.

Dukler, A. E., Fabre, J. A., McQuillen, J. B., and Vernon, R., 1988, “Gas-Liquid Flow at Microgravity Conditions: Flow Patterns and Their Transitions,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 14 , pp. 389–400.

Rezkallah, K. S., 1996, “Weber Number Based Flow Pattern Maps for Liquid-Gas Flows at Microgravity,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 22 , pp. 1265–1270.

Zhao, J. F., and Wu, W. R., 2000, “Slug to Annular Flow Transition of Microgravity Two-Phase Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 26 , pp. 1295–1304.

Bousman, W. S., McQuillen, J. B., and Witte, L. C., 1996, “Gas-Liquid Flow Patterns in Microgravity: Effects of Tube Diameter, Liquid Viscosity and Surface Tension,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 22 , pp. 1035–1053.

Zhao, J. F., Xie, J. C., Lin, H., Hu, W. R., Ivanov, A. V., and Belyaev, A. Yu., 2001, “Experimental Studies on Two-Phase Flow Patterns Aboard the Mir Space Station,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 27 , pp. 1931–1944.

Celata, G. P., Cumo, M., Gervasi, M., and Zummo, G., 2006, “Flow Pattern Analysis of Flow Boiling in Microgravity,” "*4th Japanese-European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting*", Kanbaikan, Kyoto, Sept. 24–28.

Ohta, H., 2003, “Microgravity Heat Transfer in Flow Boiling,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 37 , pp. 1–76.

Cheng, L., and Chen, T., 2006, “Enhanced Heat Transfer Characteristics of Upward Flow Boiling of Kerosene in a Vertical Spirally Internally Ribbed Tube,” Chem. Eng. Technol., 29 , pp. 1233–1241.

Cheng, L., and Chen, T., 2001, “Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in a Vertical Spirally Internally Ribbed Tube,” Heat Mass Transfer, 37 , pp. 229–236.

Cheng, L., and Xia, G., 2002, “Experimental Study of CHF in a Vertical Spirally Internally Ribbed Tube Under the Condition of High Pressures,” Int. J. Therm. Sci., 41 , pp. 396–400.

Cheng, L., and Chen, T., 2001, “Study of Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in a Tube With Axial Microgrooves,” Exp. Heat Transfer, 14 (1), pp. 59–73.

Thome, J. R., 1990, "*Enhanced Boiling Heat Transfer*", Hemisphere, New York.

Murai, Y., Yoshikawa, S., Toda, S. I., Ishikawa, M. A., and Yamamoto, F., 2006, “Structure of Air-Water Two-Phase Flow in Helically Coiled Tubes,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 236 , pp. 94–106.

Cotton, J., Robinson, A. J., Shoukri, M., and Chang, J. S., 2005, “A Two-Phase Flow Pattern Map for Annular Channels Under a DC Applied Voltage and the Application to Electrohydrodynamic Convective Boiling Analysis,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 48 , pp. 5563–5579.

Takeshima, K., Fujii, T., Takenaka, N., and Asano, H., 2002, “The Flow Characteristics of an Upward Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in a Vertical Tube With a Wire Coil: Part 1. Experimental Results of Flow Pattern, Void Fraction, and Pressure Drop,” Heat Transfer Asian Res., 31 (8), pp. 639–651.

Takeshima, K., Fujii, T., Takenaka, N., and Asano, H., 2002, “The Flow Characteristics of an Upward Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in a Vertical Tube With a Wire Coil: Part 2. Effect on Void Fraction and Liquid Film Thickness,” Heat Transfer Asian Res., 31 (8), pp. 652–664.

Kim, H. Y., Koyama, S., and Matsumoto, W., 2001, “Flow Pattern and Flow Characteristics for Counter-Current Two-Phase Flow in a Vertical Round Tube With Wire-Coil Inserts,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 27 , pp. 2063–2081.

Wang, C. C., Chen, I. Y., Yang, Y. W., and Hu, R., 2004, “Influence of Horizontal Return Bend on the Two-Phase Flow Pattern in Small Diameter Tubes,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci.

[CrossRef], 28 , pp. 145–152.

Wang, C. C., Chen, I. Y., Yang, Y. W., and Chang, Y. J., 2003, “Two-Phase Flow Pattern in Small Diameter Tubes With the Presence of Horizontal Return Bend,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 46 , pp. 2975–2981.

Weisman, J., Lan, J., and Disimile, P., 1996, “The Effect of Fluid Properties on Two-Phase (Vapor-Liquid) Flow Patterns in the Presence of Helical Wire Ribs,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 22 , pp. 613–619.

Weisman, J., Lan, J., and Disimile, P., 1994, Two-Phase (Air-Water) Flow Patterns and the Pressure Drop in the Presence of Helical Wire Ribs, Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 20 , pp. 885–889.

Hwang, J. J., Tseng, F. G., and Pan, C., 2005, “Ethanol-CO2 Two-Phase Flow in Diverging and Converging Microchannels,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 31 , pp. 548–570.

Shirai, H., Sadatomi, M., and Kawahara, A., 2006, “Gas-Liquid Con-Current and Counter-Current Diversion Cross-Flow Between Subchannels in Vertical 2×1 Rod Channel,” "*4th Japanese-European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting*", Kanbaikan, Kyoto, Sept. 24–28.

Chhabra, R. P., and Richardson, J. F., 1984, “Prediction of Flow Patterns for Cocurrent Flow of Gas and Non-Newtonian Liquid in Horizontal Pipes,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 62 , pp. 449–454.

Dziubinski, M., Fidos, H., and Sosno, M., 2004, “The Flow Pattern Map of a Liquid-Gas Flow in the Vertical Pipe,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 30 , pp. 551–563.

Taitel, Y., Lee, N., and Dukler, A. E., 1978, “Transient Gas-Liquid Flow in Horizontal Pipes: Modeling the Flow Pattern Transitions,” AIChE J.

[CrossRef], 24 , pp. 920–934.

Taitel, Y., Barnea, D., and Dukler, A. E., 1980, “Modeling Flow Pattern Transitions for Steady Upward Gas-Liquid Flow in Vertical Tubes,” AIChE J.

[CrossRef], 26 , pp. 345–354.

Taitel, Y., and Barnea, D., 1983, “Counter Current Gas-Liquid Vertical Flow, Model for Flow Pattern and Pressure Drop,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 9 , pp. 637–647.

Ito, K., Inoue, M., Ozawa, M., and Shoji, M., 2004, “A Simplified Model of Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Pattern Transition,” Heat Transfer Asian Res., 33 (7), pp. 445–461.

Crawford, T., and Weisman, J., 1984, “Two-Phase (Vapor-Liquid) Flow Pattern Transitions in Ducts of Non-Circular Cross-Section and Under Diabatic Conditions,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 10 pp. 385–391.

McQuillan, K., and Whalley, P. B., 1985, “Flow Patterns in Vertical Two-Phase Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 11 , pp. 161–175.

Bilicki, Z., and Kestin, J., 1987, “Transition Criteria for Two-Phase Flow Patterns in Vertical Upward Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 13 , pp. 283–294.

Mishima, K., and Ishii, M., 1984, “Flow Regime Transition Criteria for Upward Two-Phase Flow in Vertical Tubes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 27 , pp. 723–737.

Hibiki, T., and Mishima, K., 2001, “Flow Regime Transition Criteria for Upward Two-Phase Flow in Vertical Narrow Rectangular Channels,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 203 , pp. 117–131.

Barnea, D., 1987, “A Unified Model for Predicting Flow-Pattern Transitions for the Whole Range of Pipe Inclinations,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 13 , pp 1–12.

Hurlburt, E. T., and Hanratty, T. J., 2002, “Prediction of the Transition From Stratified to Slug and Plug Flow for Long Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 28 , pp. 707–729.

Johnston, A. J., 1985, “Transition From Stratified to Slug Regime in Countercurrent Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 11 , pp. 31–41.

Matuszkiewicz, A., Flamand, J. C., and Boure, J. A., 1987, “The Bubble-Slug Flow Pattern Transition and Instabilities of Void Fraction Waves,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 13 , pp. 199–217.

Liné, A., and Lopez, D., 1997, “Two-Fluid Model of Wavy Separated Two-Phase Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 23 , pp. 1131–1146.

Brauner, N., Moalem Maron, D., and Rovinsky, J., 1998, “A Two-Fluid Model for Stratified Flows With Curved Interfaces,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 24 , pp. 975–1004.

Agrawal, S. S., Gregory, G. A., and Govier, G. W., 1973, “An Analysis of Horizontal Stratified Two Phase Flow on Pipes,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 51 , pp. 280–286.

Nicholson, M. K., Aziz, K., and Gregory, G. A., 1978, “Intermittent Two Phase Flow in Horizontal Pipes: Predictive Models,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 56 , pp. 653–663.

Taitel, Y., and Barnea, D., 1990, “Two-Phase Slug Flow,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 20 , pp. 83–132.

Fernandes, R. C., Semiat, R., and Dukler, A. E., 1983, “Hydrodynamic Model for Gas-Liquid Slug Flow in Vertical Tubes,” AIChE J.

[CrossRef], 29 , pp. 981–989.

Moalem Maron, D., Yacoub, N., Brauner, N., and Daot, D., 1991, “Hydrodynamic Mechanisms in the Horizontal Slug Pattern,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 17 , pp. 227–245.

Taitel, Y., Sarica, C., and Brill, J. P., 2000, “Slug Flow Modeling for Downward Inclined Pipe Flow: Theoretical Considerations,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 26 , pp. 833–844.

Barnea, D., and Taitel, Y., 1993, “A Model for Slug Length Distribution in Gas-Liquid Slug Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 19 , pp. 829–838.

Hewitt, G. F., 1970, "*Annular Two-Phase Flow*", Pergamon, Oxford.

Cheng, L., 2007, “Modelling of Heat Transfer of Upward Annular Flow in Vertical Tubes,” Chem. Eng. Commun., 194 , pp. 975–993.

Barnea, D., and Taitel, Y., 1992, “Structural and Interfacial Stability of Multiple Solutions for Stratified Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 18 , pp. 821–830.

Brauner, N., and Moalem Maron, D., 1993, “The Role of Interfacial Shear Modeling in Predicting the Stability of Stratified Two-Phase Flow,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 48 , pp. 2867–2879.

Barnea, D., and Taitel, Y., 1993, “Kelvin-Helmholtz Stability Criteria for Stratified Flow: Viscous Versus Non-Viscous (Inviscid) Approaches,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 19 , pp. 639–649.

Barnea, D., and Taitel, Y., 1994, “Interfacial and Structural Stability of Separated Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow

[CrossRef], 20 , pp. 387–414.

Ying, A., and Weisman, J., 1989, “The Relationship Between Interfacial Shear and Flow Pattern in Vertical Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 15 , pp. 23–34.

Ungarish, M., 1993, "*Hydrodynamics of Suspensions*", Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Israelachvili, S., 1997, "*Intermolecular and Surface Forces*", Academic, San Diego.

Thome, J. R., Cheng, L., Ribatski, G., and Vales, L. F., 2008, “Flow Boiling of Ammonia and Hydrocarbons: A State-of-the-Art Review,” Int. J. Refrig., 31 , pp. 603–620.

Cheng, L., and Chen, T., 2000, “Comparison of Six Typical Correlations for Upward Flow Boiling Heat Transfer With Kerosene in a Vertical Smooth Tube,” Heat Transfer Eng., 21 (5), pp. 27–34.

Kim, D., and Ghajar, A. J., 2002, “Heat Transfer Measurements and Correlations for Air-Water Flow of Different Flow Patterns in a Horizontal Pipe,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 25 , pp. 659–676.

Kim, J.-Y., and Ghajar, A. J., 2006, “A General Heat Transfer Correlation for Non-Boiling Gas-Liquid Flow With Different Flow Patterns in Horizontal Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 32 , pp. 447–465.

Cheng, L., Ribatski, G., and Thome, J. R., 2008, “Analysis of Supercritical CO2 Cooling in Macro- and Micro Channels,” Int. J. Refrig., doi: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2008.010.

Thome, J. R., Dupont, V., Jacobi, and A. M., 2004, “Heat Transfer Model for Evaporation in Microchannels. Part I: Presentation of the Model,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 47 , pp. 3375–3385.

Dupont, V., Thome, J. R., and Jacobi, A. M., 2004, “Heat Transfer Model for Evaporation in Microchannels. Part II: Comparison With the Database,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

[CrossRef], 47 , pp. 3387–3401.

Agostini, B., and Thome, J. R., 2005, “Comparison of an Extended Database for Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficients in Multi-Microchannels Elements With the Three-Zone Model,” "*ECI Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Microscale*", Casrelvecchio Pascoli, Italy.

Ribatski, G., Wojtan, L., and Thome, J. R., 2006, “An Analysis of Experimental Data and Prediction Methods for Two-Phase Frictional Pressure Drop and Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Micro-Scale Channels,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 31 , pp. 1–19.

Cheng, L., and Chen, T., 2007, “Study of Vapor Liquid Two-Phase Frictional Pressure Drop in a Vertical Heated Spirally Internally Ribbed Tube,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 62 , pp. 783–792.

Ould-Didi, M. B., Kattan, N., and Thome, J. R., 2002, “Prediction of Two-Phase Pressure Gradients of Refrigerants in Horizontal Tubes,” Int. J. Refrig., 25 , pp. 935–947.

Bredesen, A., Hafner, A., Pettersen, J., Neksa, P., and Aflekt, K., 1997, “Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop for In-Tube Evaporation of CO2,” "*Intenational Conference on Heat Transfer Issues in Natural Refrigerants*", University of Maryland.