0
REVIEW ARTICLES

Electromagnetic forming and powder processing: Trends and developments

[+] Author and Article Information
AG Mamalis, DE Manolakos

Manufacturing Technology Division, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechneiou str 9, Zografou Campus, 15780, Athens, Greecemamalis@central.ntua.gr, manolako@central.ntua.gr

AG Kladas

Electric Power Division, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechneiou str 9, Zografou Campus, 15780, Athens, Greecekladasel@central.ntua.gr

AK Koumoutsos

Manufacturing Technology Division, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechneiou str 9, Zografou Campus, 15780, Athens, Greeceankoum@central.ntua.gr

Appl. Mech. Rev 57(4), 299-324 (Oct 12, 2004) (26 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1760766 History: Online October 12, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Johnson  W, and Mamalis  AG (1979), Ingenious alternatives to the press in metal forming, Welding and Metal Fabricator (July/Aug), 375–383.
Lange K (1985), Handbook of Metal Forming, McGraw-Hill.
Daehn  GS, Altynova  M, Balanethiram  VS, Fenton  G, Padmanabhan  M, Vohnout  VJ, Tamhane  A, and Winnard  E (1995), High velocity metal forming—An old technology addresses current problems, JOM July, 42–45.
Plum MM, and Maxwell Laboratories Inc (1996), Electromagnetic Forming, Metals Handbook 9th Edition, 14 , ASM, Metals Park, Ohio.
Destefani  JD (1997), Profiting from inertia, Manuf. Eng. 119(5), 70–76.
Ezra AA (1973), Principles and Practices of Explosive Metalworking, 1 , Indust Newspapers Ltd.
Al-Hassani  STS, Duncan  JL, and Johnson  W (1970), The magnetohydraulic forming of tube: Experiment and theory, J. Mech. Eng. Sci. 12, 371–392.
Al-Hassani STS and Johnson W (1971), A magnetohydraulically activated system for high strain-rate testing and forming of thin small diameter tubes, Adv in Machine Tool Des and Res, SA Tobias, and F Koenigsberger (eds), Pergamon Press, Oxford and New York, 855–872.
Duncan JL, Johnson W, and Miller J (1975), Reducing of thin-walled tube by electrohydraulic and other processes, Conf on Elec Methods of Machining, Forming and Coating, 217–228.
Furth  HP, and Wanieck  R (1956), Production and use of high magnetic fields I, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 27, 195–203.
Furth  HP, Levine  M, and Wanieck  R (1957), Production and use of high magnetic fields II, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 28, 949–958.
Birdsall  DH, and Furth  HP (1959), Pulsed 200-kilogauss magnet for accelerator experiments, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 30, 600–601.
Furth  HP (1960), High magnetic field research, Science 132, 387–393.
Birdsall  DH, Ford  FC, Furth  HP, and Riley  RE (1961), Magnetic forming, Am Mach/Metalworking Manuf 105, 117–121.
Meagher  TF (1964), The conversion of shock energy into shock pulses, ISA Trans. 3, 313–321.
Kraus J, and Fleisch D (1999), Electromagnetics with Applications 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill.
Baines  K, Duncan  JL, and Johnson  W (1965), Electromagnetic metal forming, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. 180, 348–362.
Stadelmaier  HH (2000), Magnetic properties of materials, Mater. Sci. Eng., A 287, 138–145.
Beerwald C, Brosius A, Homberg W, Kleiner M, and Wellendorf A (1999), New aspects of electromagnetic forming, 6th ICTP Proc on Adv Tech of Plasticity, III , M Geiger (ed), Springer, 2471–2476.
Young  FJ (1977), Induction heating for case hardening applications, IEEE Trans. Magn. 13(6), 1776–1785.
Batygin YV, and Daehn GS (1999), The pulse magnetic fields for progressive technologies, Monograph, Kharkov-Columbus, available at: http://www.er6.eng.ohio-state.edu/∼DAEHN/hyperplasticity.html.
Batygin  YV, and Sapelkin  SA (1989), The electric field between parallel strip conductors separated by deferent kinds of dielectrics, Elec (2), 51–54 (Russian).
Batygin  YV (1989), Mechanical forces in solid dielectrics for imposed rapidly changing magnetic fields, Elec (8), 84–86 (in Russian).
Livshitz Y, and Gafri O (1999), Technology and equipment for industrial use of pulse magnetic fields, Digest of Tech Papers-IEEE Int Pulsed Power Conf1 , 475–478.
Altynova MM, Electromagnetic Metal Forming Handbook, Mat Sci and Eng Dept, Ohio State Univ, Transl of the Russian book: SMI’SOM by IV Belyy, SM Fertik, and LT Khimenko, VS available at: http://www.er6.eng.ohio-state.edu/∼DAEHN/hyperplasticity.html.
Ouellette RP, Ellerbusch F, and Cheremisinoff PN (1978), Electrotechnology 2: Applications in Manufacturing, Ann Arbor Sci.
Padmanabhan M (1997), Wrinkling and springback in electromagnetic sheet metal forming electromagnetic ring compression, MS Thesis, Ohio State Univ, available at http://www.er6.eng.ohio-state.edu/∼DAEHN/hyperplasticity.html.
Göbl N (1978), Unified calculating method of equivalent circuits of electromagnetic forming tools, PhD Thesis, Tech Univ of Budapest, Fac of Elec Eng, Budapest, Hungary.
Panshikar HM (2000), Computer modeling of electromagnetic forming and impact welding, MS Thesis, Ohio State Univ, available at: http://www.er6.eng.ohio-state.edu/∼DAEHN/hyperplasticity.html.
Young  FJ (1973), Pulse shielding by nonferrous and ferromagnetic materials, Proc of the IEEE 61(4), 404–413.
Kratz R, and Wyber P (2002), Principles of Pulsed Magnet Design, Springer.
Wilson  MN, and Srivastava  KD (1965), Design of efficient flux concentrators for pulsed high magnetic fields, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 36(8), 1096–1100.
Ramboz  JD (1996), Machinable Rogowski coil, design and calibration, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 45(2), 445–448.
Szalay A, and Göbl N (1999), Metalltech Ltd, Budapest, Private communication.
Zieve PB, and Electroimpact Inc. (1987), Low voltage electromagnetic riveter, available at: http://www.electroimpact.com.
Al-Hassani STS, Duncan JL, and Johnson W (1967), Analysis of the electro-magnetic metal forming process, Int Conf on Manuf Tech, Univ of Michigan, 853–882.
Hillier  MJ, and Lal  GK (1968), The electrodynamics of electromagnetic forming, Int. J. Mech. Sci. 10, 491–500.
Al-Hassani  STS, Duncan  JL, and Johnson  W (1974), On the parameters of magnetic forming process, J. Mech. Eng. Sci. 16(1), 1–9.
Jablonski  J, and Winkler  R (1978), Analysis of the electromagnetic forming process, Int. J. Mech. Sci. 20, 315–325.
Bednarski T (1985), Magnetic reducing of thin-walled tubes, Proc 3rd Seminar on Metal Forming, Györ, Hungary, 19–33.
Chalindar B, and Pinoli JC (1986), Simulation and numerical study of the electromagnetic forming process, Modeling and calculation of electromagnetism and their applications, Bul de la direction des etudes et rechs. B: Resaux Electriques (1), A Bossavit, J Planchard, and JC Verite (eds), 33–41 (in French).
Takatsu  N, Kato  M, Sato  K, and Tobe  T (1988), High speed forming of metal sheets by electromagnetic force, JSME Int. J. 31(1), 142–148.
Van Nieuwenhove R (2000), Development of ceramic - metal transitions for research in nuclear corrosion, Tech Report, Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie—Centre d’ Etude de l’ Energie nucleaire, Reactor Materials Research, Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol Belgium.
Grover FW (1946), Inductance Calculations, D Van Nostrand Company Inc, New York.
Terman FE (1943), Radio Engineer’s Handbook, McGraw-Hill.
Langford—Smith F (1960), Radio Designer’s Handbook 4th Edition, Iliffe & Sons Ltd.
Wheeler  HA (1982), Inductance formulas for circular and square coils, Proc of the IEEE 70(12), 1449–1450.
Moon FC (1984), Magneto-Solid Mechanics, John Willey and Sons Inc.
Woodson HH, and Melcher JR (1968), Electromechanical Dynamics Part I & II, John Wiley & Sons.
Von Dietz  H, Lippmann  H-J, and Schenk  H (1967), Theorie des Magneform—Verfahrens: Erreichbarer Druck, ETZ-A, Elektrotech. Z. 88(9), 217–222.
Von Dietz  H, Lippmann  H-J, and Schenk  H (1967), Theorie des Magneform—Verfahrens: Abgestufter Feldkonzetrator, ETZ-A, Elektrotech. Z. 88(19), 475–780.
Serbanescu  M (1976), Calculation of the magnetic field intensity for slotted field concentrators, Rev. Roum. Sci. Tech., Ser. Mec. Appl. 21(3), 365–376.
Suzuki  H, Murata  M, and Negishi  H (1987), The effect of a field shaper in electromagnetic tube bulging, J. Mech. Work. Technol. 15, 229–240.
Al Hassani  STS (1974), The plastic buckling of thin walled tubes subject to magnetomotive forces, J. Mech. Eng. Sci. 16(2), 59–70.
Min  D-K, and Kim  D-W (1993), A finite element analysis of electromagnetic tube compression process, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 38, 29–40.
Suzuki H, Yokouchi Y, Murata M, and Negishi H (1984), Finite element analysis of tube deformation under impulsive internal pressure, 1st ICTP Proc on Adv Tech of PlasticityI , 367–372.
Vohnout VJ (1998), A hybrid quasi-static/dynamic process for forming large sheet metal parts from aluminum alloys, PhD Thesis, Ohio State Univ, available at: http://www.er6.eng.ohio-state.edu/∼DAEHN/hyperplasticity.html.
Shangyu  H, Zhihua  C, Zhongren  W, Lifeng  W, and Mei  Y (1998), A finite element analysis of electromagnetic sheet metal-expansion process, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 8(3), 490–495.
Yudaev  VB, Favorin  VM, and Kurlaev  NV (1990), Optimization of load parameters in pulse stamping of sheet-metals parts, J of Machinery Manuf and Reliability 1(1), 90–96.
Jansen  H (1968), Some measurements of the expansion of a metallic cylinder with electromagnetic pulses, IEEE Trans. Ind. Gen. Appl. 4(4), 428–440.
Fluerasu  C (1970), Electromagnetic Forming of a Tubular Conductor, Rev. Roum. Sci. Tech., Ser. Mec. Appl. 15(3), 457–488.
Gourdin  WH (1989), Analysis and Assessment of electromagnetic ring expansion as a high strain-rate test, J. Appl. Phys. 65(2), 411–422.
Gourdin  WH, Weiland  SL, and Boling  RM (1989), Development of an electromagnetically launched expanding ring as a high strain-rate technique, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60(3), 427–432.
Al-Hassani  STS, and Johnson  W (1970), The magnetomotive loading of cantilevers, beams and frames, Int. J. Mech. Sci. 12, 711–722.
Frithiof  IN (1965), A unit for testing materials at high strain rates, Exp. Mech. 5(1), 29–32.
Walling  HC, and Forrestal  MJ (1973), Elastic-plastic expansion of 6061-T6 aluminum rings, AIAA J. 11(8), 1196–1197.
Wesenberg  DL, and Sagartz  MJ (Dec. 1977), Dynamic fracture of 6061-T6 aluminum cylinders, ASME J. Appl. Mech. 44(4), 643–646.
Grady  DE, and Benson  DA (1983), Fragmentation of metal rings by electromagnetic loading, Exp. Mech. 23(4), 393–400.
Tagulea  A, and Fluerasu  C (1969), The complex surface conductivity and permeability in the study of AC in thin wall conductors, Rev. Roum. Sci. Tech., Ser. Mec. Appl. 14(3), 403–419.
Fluerasu  C (1969), An approximation method for determining the quasi-stationary electromagnetic field of thin wall conductors, Rev. Roum. Sci. Tech., Ser. Mec. Appl. 14(3), Bucarest, 371–386.
Fluerasu  C (1969), The use of transient parameters in the study of electromagnetic forming, Rev. Roum. Sci. Tech., Ser. Mec. Appl. 14(4), 565–585.
Lee Sung  Ho, and Lee Dong  Nyung (1994), Finite element analysis of electromagnetic forming for tube expansion, ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol. 116(2), 250–254.
Kaltenbacher  M, Landes  H, and Lerch  R (1997), A strong coupling model for the simulation of the magnetomechanical systems using a Predictor/Multicorrector Algorithm, Appl. Comput. Electromagn. Soc. J. 12(2), 102–106.
Bendjima B, and Feliachi M (1996), Finite element analysis of transient phenomena in electromagnetic forming system, IEE Conf Publ, 113–116.
Bendjima  B, Spairi  K, and Feliachi  M (1997), A Coupling model for analyzing dynamical behaviors of an electromagnetic forming system, IEEE Trans. Magn. 33(21), 1638–1641.
Azzouz  F, Bendjima  B, Feliachi  M, and Latreche  ME (1999), Application of macro-element and finite element coupling for the behavior analysis of magnetoforming systems, IEEE Trans. Magn. 35(3), 1845–1848.
Meriched  A, Feliachi  M, and Mohellebi  H (2000), Electromagnetic forming of thin metal sheets, IEEE Trans. Magn. 36(4), 1808–1811.
Fenton  GK, and Daehn  GS (1998), Modeling of electromagnetically formed sheet metal, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 75, 6–16.
Oliveira  DA, Worswick  MJ, and Finn  M (2001), Simulation of electromagnetic forming of aluminum alloy sheet, SAE Trans. 110, 687–695.
Chunfeng  L, Zhiheng  Z, Jianhui  L, Yongzhi  W, and Yuying  Y (2002), Numerical simulation of the magnetic pressure in tube electromagnetic bulging, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 123, 225–228.
Hin L, Jintao H, Kebing C, Zhongren W and Renyuan F (1999), Research and deformation simulation on electric-magnetic forming process of metal plate, 6th ICTP Proc on Adv Tech of PlasticityIII , M Geiger (ed), Springer, 2483–2488.
Zheng  Z-J, and Banerjee  J (2001), A theoretical and computational study of electromagnetic (magnetic pulse) high velocity manufacturing process, J. Mech. Behav. Mater. 12(5), 335–342.
Davies R, and Austin ER (1970), Developments in High Speed Metal Forming, The Machinery Publication.
Sung Ho  Lee, and Dong Nyung  Lee (1996), Estimation of the magnetic pressure in tube expansion by electromagnetic forming, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 57, 311–315.
Zhang  H, Murata  M, and Suzuki  H (1995), Effects of various working conditions on tube bulging by electromagnetic forming, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 48, 113–121.
Dieter GE (1988), Mechanical Metallurgy SI Metric Edition, McGraw-Hill.
Balanethiram  VS, Hu  X, Altynova  M, and Daehn  GS (1994), Hyperplasticity: Enhanced formability at high rates, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 45(1–4), 595–600.
Al-Hassani  STS, and Danian  Chen (2000), A simplified approach to material instability under high strain-rate stretching, Adv in Eng Plasticity 177–180, 393–400.
Steinberg  DJ, Coichran  SG, and Guinan  MW (1980), A constitutive model for metals applicable at high-strain rate, J. Appl. Phys. 51(3), 1498–1504.
Johnson GR, and Cook WH (1983), A constitutive model and data for metals subjected to large strains, high strain-rates and high temperatures, Proc 7th Int Nat Symp on Ballistics, 541–547.
Johnson  GR, and Cook  WH (1985), Fracture characteristics of three metals subjected to various strains, strain rates, temperatures, and pressures, Eng. Fract. Mech. 21(1), 31–48.
Chen  D, Al-Hassan  STS, Yin  Z, and Gan  S (2000), Rate-depended constitutive law and non local model for concrete subjected to impact loading, Adv in Eng Plasticity 177–180, 300–306.
Taminura  S, Mimura  K, and Zhu  WH (2000), Practical constitutive models covering wide ranges of strain rates, strains and temperature, Adv in Eng Plasticity 177–180, 189–200.
Vincent  KS ChooK, Reinhall  PG, and Ghassaei  S (1989), Effect of high rate deformation induced precipitation hardening on the failure of aluminum rivets, J. Mater. Sci. 24, 599–608.
Hu  X, Wagoner  RH, Daehn  GS, and Ghosh  S (1994), The effect of inertia on tensile ductility, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 25A, 2723–2735.
Hu  X, and Daehn  GS (1996), Effect of velocity on flow localization in tension, Acta Mater. 44(3), 1021–1033.
Altynova  M, Hu  X, and Daehn  GS (1996), Increased ductility in high velocity electromagnetic ring expansion, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 27A, 1837–1844.
Tamhane  AA, Altynova  MM, and Daehn  GS (1996), Effect of sample size on ductility in electromagnetic ring expansion, Scr. Mater. 34(8), 1345–1350.
Daehn GS (1997), High velocity sheet metal forming: state of the art and prognosis for advanced commercialization, Private Report, Mat Sci and Eng Dept, Ohio State Univ available at: http://www.er6.eng.ohio-state.edu/∼DAEHN/hyperplasticity.html.
Daehn GS, Vohnout VJ, and DuBois L (1999), Improved formability with electromagnetic forming: fundamentals and a practical example, Mat Sci and Eng Dept, Ohio State Univ, available at: http://www.er6.eng.ohio-state.edu/∼DAEHN/hyperplasticity.html.
Zhang  SB, and Nejishi  H (2000), Inside beading of a hexagonal tube by the electromagnetic forming, Acta Metall. Sin. 13(1), 328–334.
Murakoshi  Y, Takahashi  M, Sano  T, Hanada  K, and Negishi  H (1998), Inside bead forming of aluminum tube by electro-magnetic forming, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 80–81, 695–699.
Hashimoto  Y, Hata  H, Sakai  M, and Negishi  H (1999), Local deformation and buckling of a cylindrical Al tube under magnetic impulsive pressure, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 85, 209–212.
Mehnert  S, BMW Group (2000), FEM simulation of magnetic forming processes: Opportunity for light weight suspensions, SAE Trans. 109, 691–694.
Hwang  WS, Lee  JS, Kim  NH, and Sohn  HS (1992), Electromagnetic joining of aluminum tubes on polyurethane cores, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 34, 341–348.
Hwang  WS, Lee  JS, Kim  NH, and Sohn  HS (1993), Joining of copper tube to polyurethane tube by electromagnetic pulse forming, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 37, 83–93.
Sano  T, Takahashi  M, Murakoshi  Y, Terasaki  M, and Matsuno  K (1987), Electromagnetic joining of metal tubes to ceramic rods, J. Jpn. Soc. Technol. Plast. 28(322), 1192–1198 (English Translation).
Sano T, Takahashi M, Murakoshi Y, and Matsuno K (1984), Impulsive forming or tube ends by electromagnetic force, 1th ICTP Proc Adv Tech of PlasticityI , 373–378.
Murata  M, and Suzuki  H (1990), Profile control in tube flaring by electromagnetic forming, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 22, 75–90.
Powers  HG (1967), Bonding of Aluminum by the capacitor discharge magnetic forming process, Weld. J. (Miami, FL, U. S.) 46(6), 507–510.
Brown  WF, Banbas  J, and Olson  NT (1978), Pulsed magnetic welding of breeder reactor fuel pin end closures, Weld. J. (Miami, FL, U. S.) 57(6), 22–26.
Masumoto  I, Tamaki  K, and Kojima  M (1985), Electromagnetic welding of aluminum tube to aluminum or dissimilar metal cores, Trans. Jpn. Weld. Soc. 16(2), 110–116.
Tamaki  K, and Kojima  M (1988), Factors affecting the result of electromagnetic welding of aluminum tube, Trans. Jpn. Weld. Soc. 19(1), 53–59.
Hokari  H, Sato  T, Kawauchi  K, and Muto  A (1998), Magnetic impulse welding of aluminum tube and copper tube with various core materials, Weld Int 12(8), 619–626.
Shribman V, Livshitz Y, and Gafri O (2001), Magnetic pulse welding & joining: A new tool for the automotive industry, SAE Int and Messe Düsseldorf ATTCE Proc Vol 3: Manufacturing, 131–146.
Kistersky L (1996), Welding process turns out tubular joints fast, Am. Mach140 (4), 41–42.
Kohn G, Stern A, and Munitz A (2001), Advanced welding technologies for magnesium alloys, SAE Int and Messe Düsseldorf, ATTCE Proc, Vol 3: Manufacturing, 201–205.
Pezzutti  M (2000), Innovative-welding technologies for the automotive industry, Weld. J. (Miami, FL, U. S.) 79(6), 43–46.
Dana’s Spicer driveshaft and structural groups expand magnetic-pulse welding technology, available at: www.dana.com.
Metals Handbook, 9th Edition, 7: Powder Metallurgy, ASM.
Clyens  S, and Johnson  W (1977), The dynamic compaction of powdered materials, Mater. Sci. Eng. 30, 121–139.
Gourdin  WH (1986), Dynamic consolidation of metal powders, Prog. Mater. Sci. 30, 39–80.
Chelluri  B (1994), Dynamic magnetic consolidation (DMC) for powder consolidation of advanced materials, Mater. Manuf. Processes 9(6), 1127–1142.
Raichenko  AI, Levina  DA, Kononenko  VV, and Muravskii  NA (1976), An analysis of magnetic densification of powder by the “compression” and “expansion” technique, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram 162, 488–491.
Levina  DA, Raichenko  AI, Kononenko  VV, and Muravskii  NA (1974), Effect of temperature upon the magnetic impulse pressing of powders, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram 143, 894–897.
Kokonenko  VV, Levina  DA, and Raichenko  AI (1974), Kinetics of magnetic pulse pressing of iron powder, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram 145, 25–27.
Kokonenko  VV, Levina  DA, and Raichenko  AI (1974), Electromagnetic compression of a conducting tube filled with powder, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram 141, 709–711.
Chelluri  B (1999), Powder consolidation using Dynamic Magnetic Pulse (DMC) process, Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc. 20(4), 191–198.
Chelluri  B, Knoth  Ed, Bauer  D, and Barber  J (2000), Magnetic compaction process nears market, Metal Powder Report 55(2), 22–25.
Mirinov  VA, and Maksimov  Yu M (1973), Magnetic-Pulse pressing of ceramics, Machines and Tooling 44(9), 54–55.
Popov  VA, Aksenov  AA, Ivanov  VV, and Lesuer  DR (2002), MMC production method using dynamic consolidation of mechanically alloyed aluminum and silicon carbide powders, Mater. Sci. Forum 396–402, 289–294.
Chelluri  B, and Barber  B (1999), Full-density, net-shape powder consolidation using dynamic magnetic pulse pressures, JOM 51(7), 36–37.
Chelluri  B, Barber  J, Bauer  D, Gonzalez  EJ, and Thadani  NN (1997), Nano grain size component fabrication using dynamic magnetic compaction (DMC) process, Adv. in Powder Metall. and Particulate Mat. 1, 3-65–3-76.
Corbett  J, McKeown  PA, Peggs  GN, and Whatmore  R (2000), Nanotechnology: International developments and emerging products, Annals of the CIRP 49(2), 523–545.
Mamalis  AG, Szalay  A, Göbl  N, Vajda  I, and Raveau  B (1998), Near net-shape manufacturing of metal sheathed superconductors by high energy rate forming techniques, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 53, 119–124.
Göbl N and Szalay A (1997), Working process for superconductors by means of HERF technique, Proc EURODYMAT 97 Conf, Toledo, Spain.
Mamalis  AG, Vottea  I, and Manolakos  DE (2001), On modeling of the compaction mechanism of shock compacted powders, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 108, 165–178.
Mamalis AG, Pantazopoulos G, Szalay A, and Manolakos DE (2000), Processing of High-TcSuperconductors at High Strain Rates, Technomic Publishing Co, Lancaster PA
Mamalis  AG (2000), Technological aspects of high-Tc superconductors, J. of Mat. Proc. Tech 99, 1–31.
Mamalis  AG (2000), Manufacturing of bulk high Tc superconductors, J. of Inorganic Mat. 2, 623–633.
Mamalis AG (2001), New trends and developments in advanced manufacturing, Proc Int Scientific J “Interpartren 2001,” Ukraine.
Barbarovich  YK (1969), Use of the energy of a strong-pulsed magnetic field for the powder compaction, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram 82, 798–803.
Nakayama  N, Mayuzumi  M, Hanada  K, Sano  T, Tominaga  R, and Takeishi  H (2000), Thin-film forming of cluster diamond-dispersed aluminum composite by dynamic compaction, Adv. in Eng. Plasticity, Trans Tech Publ 177–179, 787–792.
Nakayama N, Hanada K, Sano T, Horikoshi S, and Takeishi H (1999), Thin film forming of pure aluminum powders by dynamic compaction, 6th ICTP Proc on Adv Tech of PlasticityIII , Trans Tech Publ, 1321–1326.
Clyens S [1979], Dynamic compaction of metal powders, PhD Thesis, UMIST, UK.
Williams DJ [1981], Compaction of metal powders using high voltage discharges, PhD Thesis, UMIST, UK.
Alp  T, Can  M, and Al-Hassani  STS (1993), The electroimpact compaction of powders: Mechanics, Structure and Properties, Mater. Manuf. Processes 8(3), 285–298.
Williams  DJ, and Johnson  W (1982), Neck formation and growth in high voltage discharge forming of metal powders, Powder Metall. 25(2), 85–89.
Qiu  J, Dominici  JT, Lifland  MI, and Okazaki  K (1997), Composite titanium dental implant fabricated by electro-discharge compaction, Biomaterials 18(2), 153–160.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Principle of electromagnetic forming 19
Grahic Jump Location
Inductor system element for the electromagnetic dielectric stamping: the plane dielectric workpiece on the ideal conducting metal surface 21
Grahic Jump Location
Principle of electromagnetic tube compression with an outer coil 27
Grahic Jump Location
Principle of electromagnetic tube expansion with an inner coil 27
Grahic Jump Location
a) Principle of electromagnetic sheet metal forming with a pancake coil 27, b) The magnetic field around the pancake coil during the EMF process 28
Grahic Jump Location
a) A three bar coil and b) the sheet metal workpiece. The sheet must be placed opposite the coil during forming 29
Grahic Jump Location
Construction scheme and operating principle of a compression coil with field shaper 2
Grahic Jump Location
The compression coil with a field shaper, which is installed in the Laboratory of the Manufacturing Technology of the NTUA 34
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic diagram of a typical EMF process using a conductive driver 21, 1: coil, 2: conductive driver, 3: transmitting environment (rubber insert), 4: tubular workpiece (bad electrical conductor), 5: mandrel
Grahic Jump Location
Electromagnetic forming process equivalent circuit
Grahic Jump Location
Current in the forming coil and eddy current in the workpiece neglecting their phase shift
Grahic Jump Location
Magnetic pressure pulse vs time
Grahic Jump Location
a) Forces acting on an element of a compressed cylindrical workpiece, b) A detail to a
Grahic Jump Location
Calculated curves of total elongation vs deformation velocity for both uniaxial tension and ring expansion 96
Grahic Jump Location
Maximum circumferential strain before fracture vs ring height, in electromagnetic ring expansion 99
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic diagram of traditional (left) and inertial ironing 99
Grahic Jump Location
Forming limit diagram (FLD) of AA6061 in the case of both low and high rate forming 87
Grahic Jump Location
Torque joint electromagnetically formed to assemble drive shaft for a passenger car to a universal-joint yoke. The joint can be both axially and torsionally loaded due to the circumferential groove (section A-A) and longitudinal pockets (section B-B), respectively 26
Grahic Jump Location
An axially loaded joint fabricated by electromagnetic compression of an aluminum tube onto a grooved fitting
Grahic Jump Location
Applications of the electromagnetic compression process for tube sealing. The upper section of each scheme represents the initial part assembly before forming, while the lower one represents the final joint configuration after forming 2
Grahic Jump Location
Forming and piercing a tubular part in one operation. The energy stored in the capacitor bank was 6 kJ 4
Grahic Jump Location
A fluid flow constrictor formed from a flat annular disk by the use of a pancake coil. 10kJ energy was stored in the capacitor bank 4
Grahic Jump Location
a) A car door panel made of steel, indicating the area, where electromagnetic forming is needed, in case that the door material is substituted by Al 6111-T4. b) A two-turn flat coil for the electromagnetic precision local forming of the metal sheet. c) The electromagnetically formed area of the part 57
Grahic Jump Location
a) Schematic of the MPW equipment, b) Geometrical parameters of the workpieces 114
Grahic Jump Location
Cross-section of inductor, cladding tube, and helium manifold illustrating the position of the cladding tube inside the inductor and the position of the rod inside the cladding tube. The helium purge prevents surface degradation by atmospheric gases 111
Grahic Jump Location
A typical microstructure of the MPW interface region 118
Grahic Jump Location
A typical microhardness profile across the MPW interface 114
Grahic Jump Location
Powder material consolidation using the DMC process 123
Grahic Jump Location
a) Schematic diagram of the axisymmetric DMC configuration: 1: silver tube (∅12/∅10), 2: YBCO powder, 3: silver powder, 4: plastic disk, 5: steel bolt M5, 135b) An optical micrograph showing the microstructure of the metal sheathed superconductor material
Grahic Jump Location
A schematic diagram of the device for uniaxial dynamic compaction of powders 143
Grahic Jump Location
A schematic diagram of the electro-discharge compaction process 146

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In