A considerable number of laminate theories, analytical approaches, numerical solutions and computational models have been reported for the analysis of laminates and structures with piezoelectric actuators or sensors. This article provides a review of published work in this area of mechanics. The reported laminate theories and structural mechanics are classified based on fundamental assumptions, the approximation of the through-the-thickness variation of the electromechanical state variables, the method of representation of piezoelectric layers, and their capability to model curvilinear geometries and thermal effects. The performance, advantages and limitations of the various categories of laminate theories are subsequently assessed by correlating results obtained by representative average models. The capability of each theory to model global structural response, local through-the-thickness variations of electromechanical variables, stresses, and piezoelectric laminates of high thickness is also quantified. This review article includes 103 references.