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REVIEW ARTICLES

Intelligent Material Systems: Application of Functional Materials

[+] Author and Article Information
Junji Tani, Toshiyuki Takagi, Jinhao Qiu

Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-8577, Japan

Appl. Mech. Rev 51(8), 505-521 (Aug 01, 1998) (17 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3099019 History: Online April 20, 2009

Abstract

This article presents a review of recent important developments in the field of intelligent material systems. Intelligent material systems, sometimes referred to as smart materials, can adjust their behavior to changes of external or internal parameters analogously to biological systems. In these systems, sensors, actuators and controllers are seamlessly integrated with structural materials at the macroscopic or mesoscopic level. In general, sensors and actuators are made of functional materials and fluids such as piezoelectric materials, magnetostrictive materials, shape memory alloys, polymer hydrogels, electro- and magneto-rheological fluids and so on. This article is specifically focused on the application of piezoelectric materials, magnetostrictive materials and shape memory alloys to intelligent material systems used to control the deformation, vibration and fracture of composite materials and structures. This review article contains 188 references.

Copyright © 1998 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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