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REVIEW ARTICLES: Failure Modes in Dynamic Fracture

Experimental Measurement of the Temperature Rise Generated During Dynamic Crack Growth in Metals

[+] Author and Article Information
Alan T. Zehnder

Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-1503

Ares J. Rosakis

Graduate Aeronautical Laboratories, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125

Appl. Mech. Rev 43(5S), S260-S265 (May 01, 1990) doi:10.1115/1.3120822 History: Online April 30, 2009

Abstract

During the high speed propagation of cracks, large temperature increases occur at the crack tip due to the intense dissipation of plastic work there. This increased temperature may have a significant effect of the material’s dynamic fracture toughness. An experimental investigation of the temperature fields at the tip of dynamically propagating cracks in 4340 steel was performed using a focused array of high speed, infrared detectors. Temperature fields were measured for cracks growing at speeds from 700m/s to 1900m/s. Maximum temperature increases were as high as 465°C. The temperature fields were differentiated to determine the plastic work rate distribution at the crack tip and to estimate the plastic strain rate. Effects of crack tip heating on dynamic fracture toughness are discussed.

Copyright © 1990 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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