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REVIEW ARTICLES

Optimization in the Design and Control of Robotic Manipulators: A Survey

[+] Author and Article Information
S. S. Rao, P. K. Bhatti

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette IN 47907

Appl. Mech. Rev 42(4), 117-128 (Apr 01, 1989) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3152423 History: Online June 03, 2009

Abstract

Robotics is a relatively new and evolving technology being applied to manufacturing automation and is fast replacing the special-purpose machines or hard automation as it is often called. Demands for higher productivity, better and uniform quality products, and better working environments are primary reasons for its development. An industrial robot is a multifunctional and computer-controlled mechanical manipulator exhibiting a complex and highly nonlinear behavior. Even though most current robots have anthropomorphic configurations, they have far inferior manipulating abilities compared to humans. A great deal of research effort is presently being directed toward improving their overall performance by using optimal mechanical structures and control strategies. The optimal design of robot manipulators can include kinematic performance characteristics such as workspace, accuracy, repeatability, and redundancy. The static load capacity as well as dynamic criteria such as generalized inertia ellipsoid, dynamic manipulability, and vibratory response have also been considered in the design stages. The optimal control problems typically involve trajectory planning, time-optimal control, energy-optimal control, and mixed-optimal control. The constraints in a robot manipulator design problem usually involve link stresses, actuator torques, elastic deformation of links, and collision avoidance. This paper presents a review of the literature on the issues of optimum design and control of robotic manipulators and also the various optimization techniques currently available for application to robotics.

Copyright © 1989 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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