Sixty-Five Years of Extended Surface Technology (1922–1987)

[+] Author and Article Information
Allan D. Kraus

Electrical Engineering Dept., Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93940

Appl. Mech. Rev 41(9), 321-364 (Sep 01, 1988) (44 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3151910 History: Online June 03, 2009


The extended surface literature from 1922 to 1987 is reviewed. The review begins with the classic NACA report of Harper and Brown published in 1922 and concludes with the works of Marto, Wanniarachchi, Rose, Mitrou, and Razelos published in 1986. A section entitled “The Beginnings” traces the accomplishments of the pioneers and it covers the period from 1922 to 1945 which coincides with the publication of Gardner’s landmark paper. At this point, a chronological approach is abandoned in favor of a categorization into topical areas. These are the elimination of the Murray–Gardner assumptions, boiling and condensation, experimental endeavors, compact heat exchangers, internally finned configurations, numerical analyses, optimizations, analyses of finned arrays, and additional topics including the use of extended surface to augment heat transfer, heat transfer in electrical and electronic equipment, purely mathematical techniques, and heat and mass transfer.

Copyright © 1988 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.






Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In